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EFCore Outbox


The EFCore Outbox allows integration between EF Core and Brighter's outbox support. The configuration is described in Basic Configuration.
For this we will need the Outbox package for EF Core. Packages for EF Core exist for the following RDBMS: MSSQL, MYSQL, Postgres, and Sqlite. Packages have the naming convention:
  • Paramore.Brighter.{DB}.EntityFrameworkCore
In addition, you will need the Outbox package for the relevant RDBMS:
  • Paramore.Brighter.Outbox.{DB}
Obviously, {DB} should match. In the example below we use MySql, so we would need the following packages:
  • Paramore.Brighter.MySql.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Paramore.Brighter.Outbox.MySql
Paramore.Brighter.MySql.EntityFrameworkCore will pull in another package
  • Paramore.Brighter.MySql
As described in Basic Configuration, we configure Brighter to use an outbox with the Use{DB}Outbox method call.
As we want to use EF Core, we also call: Use{DB}TransactionConnectionProvider so that we can share your transaction scope when persisting messages to the outbox.
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
.UseMySqlOutbox(new MySqlConfiguration(DbConnectionString(), _outBoxTableName), typeof(MySqlConnectionProvider), ServiceLifetime.Singleton)
.UseMySqTransactionConnectionProvider(typeof(MySqlEntityFrameworkConnectionProvider<GreetingsEntityGateway>), ServiceLifetime.Scoped)
In our handler we take a dependency on our EF Core Context (derived from Db context). We explicitly start a transaction within the handler, because the Outbox is not within the Db Context we cannot rely on the DBContext's implicit transaction.
We call DepositPostAsync within that transaction to write the message to the Outbox. Once the transaction has closed we can call ClearOutboxAsync to immediately clear, or we can rely on the Outbox Sweeper, if we have configured one to clear for us. (There are equivalent synchronous versions of these APIs).x
public override async Task<AddGreeting> HandleAsync(AddGreeting addGreeting, CancellationToken cancellationToken = default(CancellationToken))
var posts = new List<Guid>();
//We span a Db outside of EF's control, so start an explicit transactional scope
var tx = await _uow.Database.BeginTransactionAsync(cancellationToken);
var person = await _uow.People
.Where(p => p.Name == addGreeting.Name)
var greeting = new Greeting(addGreeting.Greeting);
//Now write the message we want to send to the Db in the same transaction.
posts.Add(await _postBox.DepositPostAsync(new GreetingMade(greeting.Greet()), cancellationToken: cancellationToken));
//write the changed entity to the Db
await _uow.SaveChangesAsync(cancellationToken);
//write new person and the associated message to the Db
await tx.CommitAsync(cancellationToken);
catch (Exception)
//it went wrong, rollback the entity change and the downstream message
await tx.RollbackAsync(cancellationToken);
return await base.HandleAsync(addGreeting, cancellationToken);
//Send this message via a transport. We need the ids to send just the messages here, not all outstanding ones.
//Alternatively, you can let the Sweeper do this, but at the cost of increased latency
await _postBox.ClearOutboxAsync(posts, cancellationToken:cancellationToken);
return await base.HandleAsync(addGreeting, cancellationToken);